The Iberian settlement of Puig Castellar It is one of the most important settlements of the Layetan legacy a few kilometers from Barcelona and with privileged views of its surroundings.
It is a space of about 5,000 square meters located at the top of a peak in the Sierra de Marina with a visual control of the mouth of the Besós river, the sea and the nearby Vallés fields.
Entrance to the Iberian settlement of Puig Castellar
The remains date from among 5th and 2nd centuries B.C. when the Layetan culture dominated the Mediterranean coast until the arrival of the Second Punic War, when the Iberian town of Puig Castellar was abandoned.
Throughout the settlement, through the structures that still last and a little imagination, we can observe the different arteries that ran through the town, the houses - about thirty - and the fields dedicated to agriculture that gave wealth to their population.
Approach to the Iberian settlement of Puig Castellar from Singuerlín
From the structure of the Iberian settlement of Puig Castellar it is estimated that about 300 people lived there and its economy was based mainly on agriculture and livestock. On the other hand, thanks to several discoveries in the area it can be ensured that the layetans in the area also dominated the textile and metallurgy.
This town was discovered by the owner of these lands in the early twentieth century and eventually donated them to the Institute of Catalan Studies that analyzed and excavated the land during the twenties.
Over time, excavations have achieved several findings such as an iron easel or a terracotta head of the Phoenician goddess Tanit. All archaeological discoveries can be found in the catalog of the Balldovina Tower Museum in Santa Coloma de Gramanet and in the Archeology Museum of Barcelona.
Archaeological remains of the Iberian settlement of Puig Castellar